N Trade NAFTA Visa Type

General Information

  • The NAFTA trade agreement created a non-immigrant category for Canadian and Mexican professionals to enter the US and work.
  • Like the H-1B, it is for professional positions which must require a minimum of a Bachelor's degree in a specific field, and the individual must have the specific degree.
  • Although the TN applies to Mexican citizens, it is of little practical value, as the same processing steps must be followed as for an H-1B.
  • Therefore, UW-Madison uses the TN almost exclusively for Canadian citizens ("landed immigrants", the Canadian equivalent of permanent residents, do not qualify).
  • This is a temporary status and TNs should not intend to immigrate. The main advantage of TN status is that no prior INS processing is necessary; the Canadian can get the classification at the border.

Type(s) of Payment Allowed

  • Salary
  • Honorarium (Payment for Services)
  • Travel reimbursement

Visa Application Process

Length of Stay Allowed

  • Annually renewable, no maximum

Special Conditions/Requirements

  • limited to Canadian citizens, not landed immigrants.
  • cannot intend to immigrate.
  • Medical Doctors’ activities are limited to research and teaching; no patient care

Required Documents Summary

Forms Required for Payroll Payments (Employees paid through the Human Resource System (HRS)

Salary

  • Contact you Dean’s Office Payroll Representative for additional documentation required for completing the I-9 Verification and other required documents to set up the employee on the Human Resources System (HRS).

Forms Needed for Non-Payroll Payments (Non-employees paid through Accounting Services)

Policy:

Travel Reimbursement

Honorarium

Participant Support

Tax Liability/Withholding:

Social Security

  • No FICA withholding since no employment is permitted

Federal

Salary

State

Salary

  • Contact you Dean’s Office Payroll Representative for additional documentation required for completing the I-9 Verification and other required documents to set up the employee on the Human Resources System (HRS).

Honorarium (Payment for Services)

  • None

Travel Reimbursement

  • None